National Institute for Implementation Research on Non-CommunicableDiseases
Road, Jodhpur - 342005, India
Phone : 91-291-2722403
Fax : 91-291-2720618
E-mail : email@example.com
Desert Medicine research Centre (DMRC), is one of the permanent institutes of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), a Government of India’s apex autonomous organization for bio-medical research in the country. Realizing the importance of research needs of existing and emerging health problems of desert, ICMR decided to establish a Centre in Rajasthan with a definite mandate to undertake and promote research on health problems specific to desert areas, study the changing patterns of health problems especially in view of various developmental activities taking place in the region and strengthen the scientific and technical expertise of state as well as local health agencies.
The Centre, established on 27th June, 1984, started functioning in the form of three co-ordinating units located at Jodhpur, Bikaner, and Jaipur. The positioning of the three units in three areas of Rajasthan, represented a desert health study unit at Jodhpur, a unit representing desert area with developmental activity (Indira Gandhi Nahar Priyojna) at Bikaner and a non-desert area represented by the Jaipur unit. A comprehensive baseline health survey in three units was undertaken to have scientifically generated observations on the health profile of the region and factors associated with the morbidity pattern. With the completion of baseline health survey, all the units of the Centre were merged to form a unified research Centre at Jodhpur in the year 1992.
During two decades of its existence, DMRC has contributed to generate baseline data on nutritional problems faced by the population of desert areas, understanding of transmission dynamics of vector borne diseases (malaria & dengue) in the changing ecology of desert areas, other health problems like silicosis, hypertension, renal stones, specific maternal-child health issues, elimination of guinea worm disease, etc. The Centre has several ongoing programmes on dengue, malaria, vector bionomics, insecticide resistance, novel herbs with potential as insecticides as well as anti-infective agents, hypertension, and various nutritional deficiencies in vulnerable populations aiming to establish itself as centre of excellence on these problems with special reference to desert ecology. With its transformation into a research, teaching and training centre (e.g. already recognized for a PhD programme), DMRC has now grown up to undertake opportunities and challenges in human health research with more vigour and enthuse to fulfill its overall mandate of the new charter of duties meeting national and international goals in this area.
Two decades of R & D effort, a journey towards technical excellence in desert health management has led DMRC to emerge as a nodal centre undertaking research activities of a National Institute on Desert Health. Centre’s programmes in areas like human physiology, geographical genomics, nutritional diseases, operational research, vector-borne diseases, medicinal and insecticidal plants, infectious diseases, non-communicable diseases, advanced functional biomaterials, non-communicable diseases, nano-bio interface, health problems associated with desert environment, famine, floods, opium addiction, dehydration, water borne diseases, radio isotopic applications, NBC threats and post disaster management provide DMRC the plate form for leadership both at national and international level as arid zones constitute about one-seventh of the earth's land surface. In India, the desert encompasses 8.7% of the total land area.
- To undertake and promote research on health problems specific
to desert areas.
- To study the changing patterns of health problems especially
in view of various developmental activities taking place in the region.
- To strengthen the scientific and technical expertise
of state as well as local health agencies.
- To study maintenance mechanism
of dengue virus in nature, determine regional risk factors of Dengue
& DHF and develop surveillance design capable of forecasting
impending epidemic situations for their prevention and management
- To study vector bionomics and transmission dynamics of desert
malaria, identifying local risk factors to develop a strategic action
plan for its prevention and control.
- To study magnitude and distribution of nutritional deficiencies
and develop locally sustainable intervention programme for their
- To undertake longitudinal studies for estimation of burden
of communicable and non- communicable diseases and their transition
across time and space for policy planning.
- To study epidemiology of life-style diseases, identify local
risk factors and demonstrate intervention measures for their effectiveness.
Vision - a prospective stride
As enshrined in its Vision Document, DMRC strive to serve as a Centre of Excellence in medical research to address health problems of the desert population. In continuation of the Centre's past contributions to the field of health development research, the Centre's future role has been defined with a focus on the desert as the guiding principle.
In today's changing environment, no institute can work in isolation. The challenge for the Centre includes establishment of problem-based linkages with other ICMR research institutes and develop well-planned new links between different research organizations such as the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and its agencies, regional universities, medical colleges, defence organizations, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), oil and natural gas organizations located in the region. These linkages with national as well as local institutions should get priority in the evolution of the Centre so that it establishes itself as a leader to address the health problems of the desert region. Knowledge in the fields of geography, medicine and health issues, linked with defence-related areas need careful consideration for various strategic reasons. There is a need to develop linkages with other researchers and begin working towards a common research agenda for optimum utilization of infrastructure and resources.
Based on the needs and expectations, the Centre will use conventional clinical, epidemiological and laboratory methods as well as modern biological tools of genomics, proteomics and bioinformatics to focus on Human physiology, Geographical genomics Nutrition and associated morbidities/diseases, Operational research, Vector-borne diseases, Medicinal and Insecticidal plants, Infectious diseases & Non-communicable diseases.
Physiological adaptation of man to desert environment to standardize physiological variables in desert population, Integration of basic and clinical sciences using modern biotechnological tools, Proteomic maps of body fluids in healthy individuals and its alteration under various conditions of physiological stress and diseased state, Immuno-modulators & Operational/Behavioral needs are being envisioned as future research Programmes.
Scientific: DMRC has several scientific achievements to its credit.
- Baseline survey in the initial phase and subsequent rapid drought survey were undertaken to understand the health problems in the region. Short and long-term malnutrition, Anaemia and diet deficient in calories, Vitamin-A and Vitamin-B complex were found to be common prevalent problems. Information on the occurrence and distribution of vector species and socio-demographic profile were other important outcomes of these surveys. Culex pseudosvishnui and Culex tritaeneorhynchus, vector of JE hither to consider to be abounding in rice growing areas, were reported for the first time from Rajasthan.
- Camp approach was demonstrated to be a useful approach in tackling the Vitamin-A deficiency and health problems of the salt workers.
- Developed expertise, which proved useful for National Guinea-worm Eradication Programme in Rajasthan. One of the DMRC scientist nominated by the ICMR participated as member of National Commission for Guinea-worm Eradication Certification.
- Explained the mechanism of dengue virus retention in nature through demonstration of Transovarial Transmission (TOT) of dengue virus in Aedes aegypti up to seven generation under laboratory conditions & Dynamics of desert malaria.
- Demonstrated the utility, feasibility and affordability of wet-drilling as well as use of face masks for prevention of silicosis in sand stone quarry workers.
- A compendium on indigenous plant medicines from tribal areas of Rajasthan has been prepared.
- Demonstrated 200 kD protein in mid-gut of mosquitoes refractory to dengue virus.
- Investigated opium addiction associated susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis, problem of silico-tuberculosis in stone quarry workers, nutritional deficiencies and associated morbidities, Urolithiasis & Hypertension in rural areas.
Dr. G. S. Toteja
Dr. Madhu B. Singh, M.Sc., Ph. D., Scientist - 'G'
Dr. Praveen Kumar Anand, M.B.B.S.,M.A.E., Scientist - 'E'
Dr. S. S. Mohanty, M.Sc., Ph. D., Scientist -' E'
Dr. Vikas Dhikav, M.B.B.S., Ph. D., Scientist -' D'
Dr. Suresh Yadav, M.Sc.,Ph.D, Scientist -' C'
Dr. Elantamilan D, M.B.B.S., MD., Scientist -' C'
Dr. Ramesh Kumar Sangwan, M. Phil., Ph. D., Scientist -' B'
Sh. Ramesh Kumar Huda, B.Tech, M.Tech, Scientist -' B'
Dr. Mohendra Thakor, M.B.B.S , Scientist -' B'
B. TECHNICAL STAFF
Sh. Raj Kumar Kalundha, M.A., Senior Technical Officer- III
Sh. Anil Purohit, M.A., Senior Technical Officer -I
Sh. Chetram Meena, M.Sc., Technical Officer
Sh. Pankaj Kumar, M.Sc, M. Phil., Technical Officer
Sh. Rajneesh Kumar, Senior Technical Officer -II
Sh. Pooran Mal Meena, Senior Technical Officer -II
Sh. Ramesh Chandra Sisodiya, Senior Technical Officer -II
Sh. Rohit Prasad Joshi, Senior Technician -II
Sh. Rajendra Kumar Chouhan, Senior Technician -III
Sh. Trilok Kumar, Technician-II
Sh. Bhanwar Manohar Singh, Technician-I
C. MINISTRIAL STAFF
Sh. Narender Bajaj, Consultant (Administrative)
Sh. Rajender Singh,Section Officer
Sh. Joginder Singh, Assistant
Ms. Kanchan Bala, Junior Hindi Translator
Sh. Shamshad Ali, Assistant
Sh. Sunil Bishnoi, Assistant
Ms. Chandra Kala, Upper Division Clerk
Sh. Pankaj Sharma, Stenographer
Sh. Manohar Singh Seervi, Uper Division Clerk
Sh. Hanish Singh Bhati, Upper Division Clerk
Sh. Nand Kishore, Lower Division Clerk
Sh. Rahul Singh Sankhla, Hindi Typist
D. SUPPORTING STAFF
Sh. Raghu Nath Singh, Driver
Sh. Mohd. Gaffar, Driver
Sh. Manohar Singh, Driver
Sh. Rana Ram, Driver
Sh. Pradeep Singh Jodha, Driver
Sh. Banwari Lal , Lab. Assistant
Sh. Lal Chand Bandra, Lab. Assistant
Sh. Raghu Nath Singh Bisht, Lab. Assistant
Sh. Mahaveer Prasad, Lab. Assistant
Sh. Jodha Ram, Lab. Assistant -III
Ms. Laxmi Kanta, Lab. Assistant -III
Sh. Ram Lal, MTS
Sh. Ladhu Ram, MTS
Ms. Sua Devi, MTS
Sh. Rajkumar, MTS (Technical)